Timeline of Lowell History
1826: The Town of Lowell is incorporated.
1831: Lowell High School is founded: first co-ed public high school in the U.S.
1834: James Abbott McNeill Whistler is born in Lowell (his father is chief engineer for Proprietors of Locks & Canals).
1835: Boston & Lowell Railroad begins service.
1836: The City of Lowell is incorporated. The city seal reads “Art Is the Handmaid of Human Good.”
1843: Dr. J. C. Ayer opens a lab for patent medicines, soon a major local industry.
1844: Sarah Bagley and the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association fight for a 10-hour workday.
1850: Lowell is home to 40 textile mills, 10,000 looms, and 10,000 millworkers, producing 50,000 miles of cloth a year: largest industrial complex in the U.S., second-largest MA city.
1861: Volunteer militiamen Luther Ladd and Addison Whitney of Lowell are killed in a riot in Baltimore, MD: first Union casualties of the Civil War.
1876: Dr. Augustin Thompson invents Moxie. Marketed initially as a “nerve food,” it outsells Coca-Cola into the 1920s.