Antiques: Cast-Iron Door Stops
Most cast-iron door stops you’ll find today were likely made in America sometime between the turn of the last century and 1940.
Perhaps the only things more welcoming than open doors are the brightly colored cast-iron door stops holding them ajar. Like the best collectibles, these seemingly indestructible household objects are as visually appealing as they are practical, adding a bit of charm and whimsy to any home.
Door stops first appeared in England in the late 1700s. Made of cast brass, they were used to help prop open the heavy English doors, allowing air to better circulate through homes. The earliest door stops had wooden handles so they could be easily moved. Handles disappeared in the 19th century; by then, cast iron had replaced brass. Most door stops you’ll find today were likely made in America sometime between the turn of the last century and 1940. They hit their peak of popularity during the 1920s and ’30s.
It is hard to determine the age of a door stop simply by its design, as some of the most popular styles were manufactured for decades. Motifs were numerous: rose-covered cottages, ships, lighthouses, windmills, covered wagons, trains, baskets of flowers or fruit, ladies in fine dress, children, gnomes, holiday and fairy-tale figures, cats, dogs, cartoon characters, and more. Nearly all examples featured brightly colored enamel paint. Manufacturers included Hubley in Lancaster, Pennsylvania; Bradley & Hubbard in Meriden, Connecticut; Wilton Products Inc. in Wrightsville, Pennsylvania; Albany Foundry in Albany, New York; and A.M. Greenblatt Studios in Boston. Most makers ceased production with the onset of World War II, but not all: John Wright Co. in Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, now reproduces some of the original Hubley patterns.
In the early 1900s, door stops sold for around $1.00 to $1.50 apiece, but now they command somewhere between $100 and $500; rarer examples or those in mint condition can fetch several thousand dollars. Though age is not the determining factor in assessing the value of a door stop, a reproduction of an earlier pattern is worth a fraction of the price of the original. Condition, paint surface, and rarity of the design are very important to collectors. Rust and repainting can drastically affect values.
The best advice for determining whether a door stop is truly vintage, not reproduction, is to examine the surface closely. Does the wear look inconsistent with use? Is the paint too shiny? Run your hand over it—a real vintage door stop will feel smooth, whereas a reproduction will have a rough, sandy surface. Also, seams on reproductions are often mismatched, and pieces are sometimes painted on the back side. Original manufactures never were.
This column is produced for YANKEE by Skinner Auctioneers and Appraisers of Boston. skinnerinc.com