Anatomy of a Mouthful
Peter Martin built 3-foot-high raised wooden beds for vegetables, to minimize bending. The bonus is that they warm up early in spring, jump-starting early crops. Bush beans flop over the sides of the raised beds for easy picking and are free of ground slugs.
Raised beds are for vegetables only; flowers go into the ground beds, along with certain other vegetables.
Pair plants that can take turns and fruit sequentially.
Let perennial herbs such as tarragon, oregano, and thyme grow on the outer edges of the ground beds, where they can bask in the sun. (Be sure to select culinary versions, because creeping thyme and some oreganos may be handsome but they’re not particularly savory.)
Use decorative pergolas to shoulder pole beans rather than the usual wisteria or roses. Gardner uses strings to guide the vines as they make headway.
Lettuce, arugula, and spinach grow under the pergola, where they last longer in the cool shade.
Give members of the cabbage family (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, etc.) plenty of room to spread out. You can grow them with flowers, but these veggies will crowd them if planted too close.
Plant dwarf and semidwarf fruit trees with strong disease resistance. Smaller trees produce a smaller circle of shade, letting you plant more flowers and vegetables nearby.
Segregate nutrient-intensive vegetables such as corn, leeks, and winter squash into their own beds separate from your flowers.