'Our Victories Are Temporary, but Our Defeats Are Permanent'
The City of Quincy files suit against Boston’s Metropolitan District Commission, charging it with discharging raw sewage and polluted storm water runoff into Boston Harbor. The Conservation Law Foundation and the EPA file similar suits, leading to a $4.5 billion 26-year harbor cleanup.
RESTORE: The North Woods proposes the creation of a 3.2-million-acre Maine Woods National Park, which stirs intense response for and against.
In 2011, Maine’s NEWLY ELECTED
conservative legislature passes a resolution opposing any federal national-park feasibility study. Burt’s Bees co-founder Roxanne Quimby, having bought thousands of acres of forestland, proposes donating 70,000 acres as a smaller, alternative national park, plus another parcel as a national recreation area that would allow hunting and snowmobiling.
Cape Wind proposes construction of 130 wind turbines in Nantucket Sound. The Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound fights the project. In 2010, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court decides that the state may overrule local authorities and grant local permits itself. In 2011, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, EPA, and Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation & Enforcement grant federal approvals. In 2011 the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) and the Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound file an appeal and consider a lawsuit.
Broadwater Energy, a joint venture between Shell Oil and TransCanada, proposes a 1,200-foot-long floating liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal in Long Island Sound. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission approves it in 2008, but citizens, environmental groups, and state officials in Connecticut and New York defeat the project.
Plum Creek Timber Co. proposes the largest development in the history of Maine: 975 house lots, two resorts, golf course, marina, and three RV parks around Moosehead Lake. In September 2009, following contentious hearings, Maine’s Land Use Regulation Commission approves a scaled-down development that would also protect 363,000 acres. In April 2011, a Maine Superior Court judge rules that LURC has used a faulty process (no public hearing) and sends the matter back for further consideration.