Anatomy of a Mouthful
Thin out the crowns of fruit trees to maximize production while minimizing the shadow they cast on their neighbors down under. Prop up branches if necessary.
Peter Martin made special tree-branch weights by pouring concrete mix into plastic yogurt containers and setting an eyehook at the top. They’re hung by twine from branches to spread limbs out and allow more sunlight below.
Selecting thornless berries, such as ‘Chester’ blackberries, lets you work among them and harvest them without battle scars. (Protect them with burlap if they’re not quite hardy in your region.) Prune ruthlessly and confine them to a frame or trellis.
Start seeds of annuals in pots rather than sowing them directly into the beds–they’ll stand a better chance of thriving when you throw them in with the crowd.
Divide perennials ruthlessly each year to keep their waistlines in check. Digging up favorites such as beebalm and dividing off running roots before replanting will put a crimp in their roving ways. Don’t plant mints in garden beds; they spread wildly.
Ornamental grasses make fine additions, as long as you divide them often. Grasses tend to be thirsty, so don’t pair them with eggplants or other veggies that require plenty of water.
Plant tulips and spring bulbs in the ground at the base of the raised beds, so their foliage can die back slowly without getting in the way of summer flowers or vegetables up above. Allowing the foliage to wither completely before removing it will ensure vibrant blooms the following year.
Don’t forget to install summer bulbs. Lilies and alliums will become lovely accents in the middles of your beds, where they can grow tall. Enjoy the bounty!
Note that various flowers, fruits, and vegetables mature at different rates over three seasons; the accompanying garden map (not to scale) is intended for representational purposes only. The garden design shown here is just one example of how one might arrange combination plantings.
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